The number 1 rated high risk system vulnerability noted by the recent ISS audit of BNL was the use of "xhost +" or an open X display. Using "xhost +" allows anyone the ability to watch your keystrokes, capture windows and insert command strings into your windows. This situation is particularly bad when you have root access to a machine. There is no legitimate reason to run "xhost +". Most people will be using ssh to make their connections to other machines than their desktop and ssh tunnels X11 traffic, eliminating any need for "xhost +". To use turn on X11 forwarding with ssh call it like:
ssh -X host.domainThis can be turned on by default by adding the following to $HOME/.ssh/config:
Host *.bnl.gov ForwardX11 yesMake sure of the following things:
echo $DISPLAY localhost:12.0
On a Windows machine running eXceed, go into the "Security" part of "Xconfig", select "Enabled (no host access)" in the "Host Access Control List" part of the window and click "OK". If eXceed is running, you will lose all open windows when the X server gets reset.
On Windows machine running version 6.1 or older of eXceed, the option listed above just shuts down the X server. There are two options, upgrade to a newer version (Current is 7.0) or use the "File" option. If you select the "File" option on the Xconfig security page, select the "Edit" button on that line and add
127.0.0.1to the end of the file. Save the file and click and click "OK". If eXceed is running, you will lose all open windows when the X server gets reset.
If you do not use ssh to make your X connections under eXceed (you really should), then you have to use the "File" method of security as outlines in the version 6.1 and older section and add all of the names of the machines from which you will be opening X applications to the xhost.txt file. Since this method only provides security at the host level, anyone on the machines you let in can watch your X sessions.
On Linux/UNIX machines, the "xhost +" command can be issued at many locations, so you will have to remember where you did it or find the location to turn it off (I believe that all recent version of the Linux X server have "xhost -" as the default). If you cannot find where the "xhost +" command is issued, adding a call to "xhost -" somewhere will turn it off.
Some of the most common files where you can find the "xhost +" command are in the X11 startup files. These file are
If you want to test to see whether you have fixed the "xhost +" problem on your systems, log into another unix computer, disable the ssh X11 encryption channel by resetting the $DISPLAY environment variable back to the server port 0 of your desk top, and then try starting up an xclock. For example, type the following commands
ssh email@example.com setenv DISPLAY yourdesktop.phy.bnl.gov:0 xclockIf an xclock pops up on your screen, you still have not properly enabled X11 access control. You should contact your computer liaison for further assistance.
To enable access control (set xhost -) on Tektronix Xterminals bring up the "Setup" menu (F3 key). In the "Configuration Summaries" pull down menu select "X Environment". On the X Environment page toggle "Enable Access Control" to "Yes". Return to the Main Menu and then "Save Settings to NVRAM". The terminal will now reject all X connections except those coming from the machine you connect to via XDM and those coming through tunnels to you XDM host created when you ssh to another machine. If you run "xhost +" on the XDM host, then you will again disable access control, so you should make sure that you do not do this in any of the X setup files (see the UNIX discussion above).
The following is an e-mail from Ofer Rind who tells us how to enable X11 authentication on NCD Xterminals. Thanks Ofer for you post.
------------ Disabling Xhost+ on an Xterminal (NB: This was tried on both NCD and Textronix Xterminals and seemed to work; however, your mileage may vary. The description is for an NCD.) Press Alt-F3 to pull up the Xterminal control bar. Select "Change Setup Parameters" from the "Setup" menu. When the setup parameters window pops up, select "Access Control." This will expand the menu, revealing an option called "Enable Access Control." Turn this on by pressing the adjacent square. Then, at the bottom of setup window, press the "Apply" button to effect the change. This sometimes takes several seconds, be patient. When the arrow cursor returns, close the setup window and return to your previously scheduled program. X access control should now (hopefully) be enabled. NOTE that this access control can be superseded by a user who logs in on the Xterm and sets "xhost +". -------------